On April 3, 2020, Canada informed the United States and Mexico that it had completed its national process of ratifying the agreement.  It was also the first Canadian election that did a lot of negative publicity; Anti-free trade advertising showed that negotiators were “moving away” from the free trade agreement, which turned out to be the Canada-U.S. border at the end of advertising. Although some opinion polls showed that there were slightly more Canadians against the deal than for him, the Mulroney Progressive Conservatives took advantage of being the only party in favour of the deal, while the Liberals and the NDP divided the vote on free trade. In addition, future Quebec premiers Jacques Parizeau and Bernard Landry supported the agreement, which was seen as a factor in supporting the PC party in Quebec.  Mulroney won a government majority and the agreement was introduced into law, even though a majority of voters had voted for parties opposed to free trade.  [ 18] – Supporting a 21st century economy through new measures to protect intellectual property in the United States and to secure trade opportunities for U.S. services. There is broad agreement among economists that NAFTA has benefited North American economies. Regional trade increased sharply in the first two decades of the treaty, from some $290 billion in 1993 to more than $1.1 trillion in 2016. Cross-border investment has also increased and U.S.
direct investment (FDI) in Mexico has increased from $15 billion to more than $100 billion during this period. But experts also say it has proved difficult to highlight the direct impact of the agreement from other factors, including rapid technological change and expanded trade with countries such as China. In the meantime, discussions continue on the impact of NAFTA on employment and wages. Some workers and industries have faced painful disruptions due to the loss of market share due to increased competition, while others have benefited from the new market opportunities that have been created. The full text of the agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada is available here. On November 30, 2018, the USMCA was signed as planned by the three parties at the G20 summit in Buenos Aires.   Disputes over labour rights, steel and aluminum prevented ratification of this version of the agreement.   Canadian Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lightizer, and Mexican Under-Secretary of State for North America Jesus Seade officially signed a revised agreement on December 10, 2019, ratified by the three countries on March 13, 2020. In accordance with Section 103 (b) (2) of the USMCA Act, the date of the interim provisions to be recommended will be set no later than after the USMCA comes into force and the implementation of the uniform rules of origin.  Uniform regulations at the USMCA help interpret the various chapters of the USMCA, first chapters 4-7.
These rules were published one month before the trade agreement came into force and replaced NAFTA on July 1, 2020.  On March 1, 2019, many agricultural organizations were represented in the United States.