Roosevelt Churchill Agreement

Charles Chip Bohlen of the US State Department, who played the role of Russian interpreter of the FDR, felt that each of the “big three” had achieved its main objectives in Yalta, but acknowledged that there was “a sense of frustration and some bitterness towards Poland”. For U.S. and British professional diplomats such as Bohlen, the Yalta agreements seemed superficial “realistic compromises between the different positions of each country.” Stalin had made a real concession by finally accepting a French area in Germany, while Churchill and Roosevelt had talked a lot about Poland. But even then, Mr Bohlen thought that the plan, as it was finally agreed, would have led to a truly democratic Polish government if it had been implemented. With regard to Poland, the yalta report adds that the provisional government should “be obliged to hold free and unimpeded elections as soon as possible, on the basis of universal suffrage and secret ballot”. [18] The agreement could not mask the importance of adhering to the short-term pro-Soviet control of the Lublin government and eliminating the language that requires supervised elections. [19] At that time, the Soviet army had occupied Poland entirely and held much of Eastern Europe with a military power three times greater than allied forces in the West. [Citation required] The declaration of the liberated Europe has little to do to dispel the sphere of influence of the agreements that had been incorporated into ceasefire agreements. The most striking feature of the discussion was that an agreement had been reached between a number of countries with differing views, accepting that domestic policies were relevant to the international problem. [19] The agreement proved to be one of the first steps in the creation of the United Nations. The final agreement stipulated that “the provisional government currently working in Poland should therefore be reorganized on a broader democratic basis, including Polish and Polish democratic leaders abroad.” [18] Yalta`s language recognized the supremacy of the pro-Soviet Lublin government in a provisional government, albeit a reorganized one. [19] According to the United Nations, the Charter is not a treaty or a formal agreement.

But it “publicly reaffirmed the sense of solidarity between the United States and Britain against the aggression of the Axis powers,” the State Department said. It was also the first meeting between Churchill and Roosevelt. According to the BBC, “the friendship forged at Placentia Bay provided a solid basis for a series of important strategic lectures during the war.” Churchill defended his action in Yalta in a three-day parliamentary debate that began on 27 February and ended with a vote of confidence.